There is always a reason for doing anything and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is no exception. Health care providers through their practices get a lot of access to information that if not treated with utmost privacy may cause more harm than good. Sometimes the information they have access are not just information about their patients, but about people their patients have come in contact with. In a bid to hear certain truths about a patient’s health from the patient, health care providers gain access to knowledge about certain persons in the life of the patient. In other keep this information from becoming public knowledge and as such threatening the psychological, social and emotional health as well as physical health of the patient concerned, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) set standards to protect patients’ information.
Basically the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Security requirements are intended to achieve some specific goals which are as follows:
- To ensure that electronic Protected Health Information are kept with confidentiality, integrity, and availability of ePHI the Covered Entity (CE) creates, receives, maintains, or transmits. The confidentiality of ePHI is very important, as a health care provider patients’ information that you collect and maintain is kept secret to you and only those with permission to know about them.
- To protect against reasonably anticipated threats or hazards to the security or integrity of the ePHI. Information that a health care provider creates, collects and maintains in any medical health record is also at the risk. This information can be affected by natural disasters, environment hazards and human tampering. Therefore, the HIPAA Security Rules aims at protecting ePHI from any of these threats.
- To protect against reasonably anticipated uses or disclosures of ePHI not otherwise permitted or required. Every protected Health Information in any medical health record kept by a Covered Entity must not be used or disclosed without the necessary authorization from the patient concerned. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) seek to ensure that no ePHI is used or disclosed without the patient’s permission.
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Security requirements give Covered Entities (CEs) flexibility in accomplishing these set goals.